Ведь что такое прессинг? Прессинг направлен еще на то, чтобы отобрав мяч, отрезать большую группу игроков, и быстро завершить атаку. То есть это не только эффективность обороны, это эффективность еще и атаки.
Самым первым и простым в обучении является финт корпусом. Ребята уже научились ведениям, передачам и мы приступаем к изучению финта. Начинаем с ведения мяча внутренней стороной стопы правой ноги, касаясь 3-4 раза, затем, как бы оступаясь на левую ногу, корпус и вес тела смещается влево, а затем резким движением изменяем положение тела вправо и забираем мяч внешней стороной стопы правой ноги убегаем вправо.
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При обучении ударов, тренер должен ставить перед учеником новые задачи, таким образом: первую неделю – удар определенным способом в определенную часть ворот, вторую неделю - удар из разных точек, поражать одну и ту же точку ворот, третью неделю - удар с одного и того же места, посылать мяч поочередно в две точки ворот.
На четвертой неделе – ударом из двух точек попадать поочередно в каждую зону ворот.
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Выполняя технические приемы в связках надо ставить задачу по сокращению пауз между обработкой, остановкой, финтами, передачами, ударами и тд.
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Тренировочные упражнения для юных вратарей. Один из самых важных элементов, над которыми следует работать при обучении и развитии юных игроков, - роль вратаря в организации атаки.
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The Principles of Possession Soccer
When a team has the ball, it spreads out and makes the field as big as possible, with the players spread to create many triangles. In a 4-3-3 formation, it is paramount for the two wingers to get wide and stay wide to stretch the other team’s back line and open up gaps for through balls.
Players on the back line drop off to a safe distance from opponents and offer support behind the ball. The back line needs to sense when a teammate with the ball is about to be pressured and they need to offer him/her a safe outlet by back pedaling and communicating to him/her.
When a team wins the ball, they immediately play the ball into another area of the field. By ‘another area’, we mean either a back pass to relieve pressure, or a switch, or a counterattack. Most of the time, it will be a back pass or a switch. A counter attack is hard to succeed, requires precision and superior speed of play and often results in a quick turnover and should only be used when the other team is clearly off balance. Playing the ball into ‘another area’ immediately after winning the ball gives the rest of the team the time to open up and transition into an attacking shape that makes the field as big as possible.
Every back pass is usually followed by a lateral or diagonal pass to switch the point of attack. This creates the possession rhythm and flow thus forcing opponents to adjust and chase. Players should not hesitate to switch the point of attack multiple times in the same possession if opponents are well organized defensively.
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The ball doesn’t stay in one area for long. After two or three passes within an area, the ball is usually switched into another area. Ball circulation should be quick and involve a lot of one and two touch play.
Players open their body to the field and have as much of the field as possible within their line of vision. Players should look around and always know where their teammates and opponents are.
By opening their body, players always try to receive the ball facing up field or at least being sideways on. This helps them make good decisions on where to move and what to do with their first touch. By knowing what’s around them, players learn to anticipate ‘trouble’ and release the ball quickly or play a one touch pass into another area.
Players should peel off tight marking by moving to the blind side of their opponent where he/she cannot see both the player and the ball at the same time.
Very few passes are made to a player who is checking hard toward the ball with his/her back to goal and being tightly marked. In the case when a player does need to check toward the ball with tight marking and receives the ball, that player should be prepared to play a one touch pass either to another player or back to the original player. Hence the importance of knowing what’s around you at all times.
Most passes are diagonal passes into players who are open to the field or with a sideways on stance.
Goalkeepers rarely punt the ball. Goal kicks are played out of the back. Throw-ins are used to switch the point of attack rather than just thrown down the line.
The principles listed above don’t produce robots. They create the foundation for possession soccer. Once these principles are deep-seated, the game has a better flow, the players know what’s around them, and this knowledge gives them the confidence to use individual creativity and cunning
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In order to stay on task when coaching a tactical session and maximize the effectiveness of instructions, coaches should use the following approach when making corrections
1. FIX TEAM SHAPE
First, look at the team shape when in possession and fix it if the shape is wrong. The team shape when in possession in our own defensive third or middle third should be similar to that shown on page 10. The correct shape makes the field big, with width and depth. The wingers are wide on the sidelines and the forward is as high as possible. The three midfielders are spread and not bunched up. This team shape is even more crucial for our players due to their technical deficiencies. Our players need more time and space to control the ball and a good team shape that makes the field big can only help them maintain possession. In the absence of a good team shape, it is a moot point to correct the decisions on the ball. Fix the team shape first!
2. FIX OFF-THE-BALL MOVEMENTS
If the team shape is right, observe and fix the movements off-the-ball and the players’ body position. Our players have to learn to peel off the opponent marking them and this peeling off movement needs to become automatic. Coaches should note how players are making space for themselves. Who is moving toward the ball? Who is checking away? Who is running into the spaces created by teammates’ runs? Runs trigger other runs! Our players need to move based on teammates’ runs and positions. Our players tend to duplicate runs and either all run toward the ball or all run away from the ball, which destroys team shape. They duplicate runs because they ball watch and don’t open their body to see the field, hence, they don’t know where their teammates are or what’s going on around them. Are the movements correct for the situation? Fix these off-the-ball movements if need be.
3. FIX DECISIONS ON THE BALL Finally, observe and fix the decisions on the ball. Was the correct pass chosen? Did the passer just pass the ball to the first player who went on a run or did he/she look at all options and choose the best one? We want to avoid passing the ball to players who are checking at speed with their back to the goal and an opponent breathing down their neck. Our players need to make better decisions on the ball, but only after we get them to adopt the right shape and peel off their opponents and open their bodies. This approach is helpful, especially when dealing with large groups and a fast speed of play. The fluidity of the session can cause coaches to go on tangents and fix minor things while the key learning objectives are not properly addressed. The diagrams in this manual use player notations that not only show the player positions, but also their body orientation/the way they are facing. The correct body position is also an important teaching point. Lastly, the appendix at the back of the manual has all the recommended activities which should become the bread and butter of Olympic Development Program training sessions. All state and region staff should use these activities to instill the right team shape, the right movement off the ball and the right decisions on the ball.
Последний раз редактировалось Иван Саныч, 28.06.2016 в 21:04. Причина: Добавлено сообщение